Mitigate the effects of climate change. The urban forest can absorb greenhouse gas emissions which helps slow global temperature rise. The city’s urban forest helps mitigate the impacts of climate change by sequestering and storing carbon. It is estimated that the value of this carbon storage is about $25 million in Toronto.
Adaptation: The urban forest reduces air temperatures through both shade and evapotranspiration, combating the urban heat island effect and helping address extreme heat events.
Improves local and regional air quality
Reduces summer air and stream water temperatures
Reduces urban heat island effects
Improves local soil and surface water quality - trees improve local air and surface water quality, make urban environments more hospitable and contribute to improved public health and well-being in very tangible ways,
Reduces stormwater runoff - trees help with storm water management by stabilizing steep slopes and taking up water through their roots helping to control erosion and improve surface water quality. These benefits are particularly relevant in the city’s ravine areas, and
Provides habitat for terrestrial and aquatic wildlife - trees and natural areas provide habitats for a wide range of resident and migratory species of wildlife, as well as hundreds of native plant species